The Marine Tavern

 

The Marine Tavern

Steward and Pattesons 1904 -1931

 

 

A list of the licensees can be seen here on the Norfolk Pubs website as a start to finding more of the history which can be derived from a number of sources including Census returns, maps and title deeds and the all important 1810 Inclosure Act which gives the earliest depiction of the site described in both words and on plan . 

 

William Faden's map of Norfolk published in 1797 shows a very recognisable Great Ryburgh. Unfortunately the area of the street that covers the site (and the Old Hall which certainly was there on the other side of the road) is completely devoid of dwellings between the Crown and the Parsonage and must be an oversight on the part of the cartographers rather than an indication that this was barren ground.

Less than 20 years later, the map produced for the Inclosure Act of 1810 rectifies the error and shows buildings on the site on the accompanying plan and the Schedule describes the plot thus:

which transcribed reads:

And we the Commissioners do hereby assign set out and allot

to COVENANT BEST the two pieces of land within the said

parish of Great Ryburgh next herinafter described (that is to

say) FIRST One piece of land containing by measure One acre

and sixteen perches marked on the last mentioned Map or plan

with the number 288 whereon a Messuage and other buildings

stand bounded by the first described public road in the said

parish of Great Ryburgh towards the north by the fourthly

described private road in the same parish towards the east by

land hereby allotted to the said Rector of Great Ryburgh in

part towards the South and by land hereby allotted to the

heirs or devisees of the said John Howe deceased towards

the west and on the remaining part of the South

Second and one other piece of land containing by measure two roods and thirty perches marked on the last mentioned Map or plan with the number (289) and bounded by land hereby allotted to Charles Watson towards the north by the secondly described private road (Westwood Lane) in the said parish of Great Ryburgh towards the east and by land allotted to the said Churchwardens of Great Ryburgh towards the south and west AND we do hereby order and direct that the said COVENANT BEST and his heirs shall raise maintain and for ever hereafter keep in repair fences in his second allotment against the allotment to thes aid Churchwardens AND we do determine and declare that both the said allotments to the said COVENANT BEST with the said Messuage and other buildings standing on his said first allotment shall for ever hereafter be held of the said Manor of Great Ryburgh by Copy of Court Roll the same being made to him for and in lieu of the Messuage Buildings and lane which he now holds of the said Manor and for and in respect of the rights of Common appurtenant or appendant thereto

We can now see a very recognisable parcel of land and a date of 1810. The ground plan looks very similar to what is known was there at the time of the photo at the top of the page with the exception of the bay windows and boundary line with the land of John Howe. Importantly the text mentions nothing of a beer house, public house or inn.

Fortunately title deeds provide the link from Covenant Best to Steward and Patteson and show that the plot was sold by Best's widow Sophia to Meaburn Tatham Esq Patron of St.Andrew's Church and father of Revd. George Tatham the Rector. The land was adjacent to the land to the rear of the Rectory and the private road described in the Inclosure schedule could then connect with his orchards. He in turn sold it with a mortgage at the beginning of 1872 to St Andrew's churchwarden Michel Mesney who was by then owner of the plot that had been asigned to John Howe at the time of Inclosure. This transfer produced another map of the site  which in conjunction with the deed of title puts this piece of land with its cottages in a completely different light:

In some respects the map dissappoints because the footprint of the buildings is very ambiguous. There are however specific measurements of the street frontage  and the naming as "Chapel" of the building  that becomes the Marine Tavern, makes this a very valuable document. In the conveyance, Tatham describes the purchase of "the cottages and Ranter's Chapel now or late standing on the same piece or parcel of land"

Tatham retains the orchard portion that adjoins Rectory land and is insistent upon the road remaining as an 8 feet wide access to his orchard.

At this point we need to find reference to this plot in the Census returns and we find in 1861 on page 16 of the schedule, immediately after 79.,"The Railway Station" and 80., the "Grocer and Draper's shop" where Michel Mesney and family lived, and a single dwelling 81., the following:

The "Primitive Methodist Chapel"  with no number in the Schedule followed by 83., a single dwelling housing Widow, Sophia Best described as "Proprietress of Houses" , her sister together with a "Boarder" , a Scotish Forester employing 9 men  and a "Lodger"  who was a carpenter.

Turning to page 17 we find 82., Beer House,  again a single dwelling but this time housing Luke Ainger, his wife and 7 children together with 4 "Lodgers" all of them teenage Woodmen from Suffolk. This alteration in the numerical order was presumably to avoid the Ainger's lengthy entry carrying over two pages.

This Census then moves away from the Marine Tavern plot.

Going back to the first Census of 1841, We find no entry for Sophia Best, no mention of a Chapel and there are no schedule numbers. However assuming there were 3 dwellings and using the entry for Luke Ainger described as "Publican" and Michel Mesney, we can deduce that the cottages on the plot were occupied by Francis and Mary Howman and their then 5 children and William and Elizabeth Bird and their 2 children.

The 1851 Census now with schedule numbers, once again gives us No 79 Luke Ainger "Ag Lab and keeps a Beer shop"  No 80 is widower John Eggleton his housekeeper daughter and a lodger. No 81 is widow Sophia Best,her widowed mother, sister and niece together with a house servant. Sophia is described as "Farmer of 6 acres land"

At this stage we need to look at further depictions of the buildings , which although later than these census dates  must give some idea, in conjunction with the maps above, of just how many dwellings there were.

This is a detail cropped from a view of the railway crossing and shows,  probably post 1904, the substantial cottage/s that stood gable-end on to the roadside where the telephone exchange buildings now stand.

 

Looking forward to the 1871 and 1881 Census returns, these both suggest that there are 4 dwellings on the plot as 4 entries are found in between the Railway Tavern and Marine Tavern before Michel Mesney's farm and the Grocers & Drapers. Soon after this in 1886, the 6 inch to the mile Ordnance Survey Map was produced and shows quite clearly that the Ranter's Chapel  site had been extended about 2 metres into Mesney's farm buildings on the street  and was now double fronted with bay windows

 

 

Coins found in the floor space during renovation in 1979 in the area where the old chapel building has been incorporated into the current double-fronted aspect are all dated between 1797 and 1826 which predates by about 50 years the building work which created its present external appearance:

Several photographs/ postcards show the house with its Steward and Patteson sign and must therefore date from after 1904. These years saw further building work which is quite likely the last time major changes happened to the house before the purchase by the previous occupants in the early 1970's when the house was modernised with damproofing and indoor toilet and bathroom facilities.

A photograph showing the roofline above the gates of the foundry opposite show a slated roof with a central chimney stack and portrays a Farmers Foundry Portable Engine. (Was this the first one being photographed for the first time one wonders?):

 

 

The purlins in the roof which are extended to carry the roof into the Mesney's outbuilding show the clear cut-outs made to fit round the central stack and some evidence that there had been a certain amount of charring of the rafters that once surrounded the stack!  There is now a stack on each gable end.

The insertion of a new staircase in 1905 from the outshot through the old external rear wall and along the former boundary wall of the chapel is probably when this chimney was removed along with the staircase/s that went up in the room space/s above. Grafitti dated 2 November 1905 on the underside of the treads gives us, one assumes, the names of some of those involved. The surname "Drewell" is the only one so far to have any connection with Ryburgh but of a century earlier. George W. Drewell was the Station Master in 1891 from Beccles. :

The licensee from November 1881 to 1906 who must have seen the majority of the above changes was Ellis Daines. He took over from his brother-in-law James Colman who had the license from 1879. We are fortunate that Ellis' image has survived along with his son Harry on the splendid photograph of 1901 depicting Maltings employees:

Ellis Daines (aged 54)

Harry Daines (aged 21)

After the sale of the property to Steward and Patteson the licence went to another Malting's employee John "Jack" Coates His image turns up severally the earliest taken when he was a member of the Ryburgh Platoon of the 4th VBNR. he is named on a photograph of the Platoon circa 1894, held at Gressenhall Museum and is the clearest image we have:

Jack Coates (aged 24)

He also appears on the 1901 Malting's photo where he was employed as a stationary engine driver.  His younger brother William and his father Abel are also on that photo.

  

      Jack Coates  (aged 31)             William Coates                       Abel Coates (Aged 55)

The photograph below which is  a copy of a copy of a copy from an unknown source shows the pub during the tenancy of Jack Coates, the name is faintly visible on the board over the door. Is he on the picture with one assumes family members and do they match the images above?

 

 

 

 More to follow:

 

 

 


Village History
Webpage icon Emigration from Ryburgh
Webpage icon My Life.........My Memories by Ann Roy
Webpage icon Who was Charlie Barnes
Webpage icon What Ryburgh Ladies did
Webpage icon The Great Ryburgh Streaker and other reports from the press
Webpage icon Ryburgh Schooldays
Webpage icon A Farmers Foundry Tumbril
Webpage icon What the papers say in the 1700's
Webpage icon Ryburgh Yesterday from your photo albums
Webpage icon Trouble down at the Station in 1876
Webpage icon The Ryburgh Swifts
Webpage icon Percy Who?
Webpage icon Percy Everitt in Court
Webpage icon The Smiths of Ryburgh
Webpage icon An appreciation of Foundry Worker Herbert Waters by Percy Ellison
Webpage icon Hector Middleton and the Foundry
Webpage icon The Ryburgh Farmers' Foundry Part 2
Webpage icon The Ryburgh Farmers' Foundry Part 1
Webpage icon Ryburgh Yesterday Images